19th February, 2020 Myton 6.

On 12th January, 2012 I took some photos of wild plants that have the potential to flower throughout the 12 months of the year. Although struggling to cope with a hard morning frost the daisies above would have opened their petals given the rays of low-angled sunlight that were soon to follow.

For the issue as to whether or not the berewick of Myton had a chapel of ease allied to All Saints church, Hessle evidence is slim. The Meaux Abbey Chronicle (s.p.b.s) records the destruction of a chapel of Myton in 1204 (let’s remember that Abbot Burton was composing his Chronicle in the early 1400s) – its precise location is not given but as the emerging trading settlement of Wyk was still in Myton it could have been a predecessor to Holy Trinity and on the same site (in-church archaeology would be a fascinating exercise in many churches – St Peter’s, Barton on Humber remains the most thoroughly excavated church site in Britain, the findings having been written-up by Professor Warwick Rodwell, the two volumes being published a few years ago).

Dr. John Bilson writing in 1928 Wyke upon Hull in 1293 (I take this fact from a leaflet on Holy Trinity Church, I have never seen this publication) claimed that the present church was the third on the site, the building programme of the present church having been started in the 1310s and the consecration of the completed building taking place on 10/3/1425. It was only early in the reign of Charles II that Holy Trinity was afforded the status of independent parish church and from the late 18th century as Hull’s physical expansion burst beyond the remains of the medieval town walls the parish of Holy Trinity got bigger while that of Hessle got smaller.

As with most church rebuilds or replacements the building programme started at the east end and ended at the west end, or in this case with the construction of the crossing tower. Some of the bricks of the chancel and transepts are thus some of the earliest surviving examples of brick construction, unfortunately most of the bricks seen today are later examples dating from repair work.

(to be continued).

17th February, 2020 Myton 5.

The above photo. shows a mature blackthorn bush in flower in late February, it is situated alongside Middlegate an ancient (pre-Roman) routeway that linked the Wash with the Humber. This particular point may be found two-thirds of the way up the scarp slope of the Lincolnshire Wolds about halfway between the villages of South Ferriby and Horkstow (North Lincs.). It is sort of relevant, s.p.b.

When Edward I in the 1290s acquired the trading settlement now called Hull he declared it to now be a manor in its own right and thus no longer in Myton berewick. He also declared that Myton was to be a manor in its own right and thus no longer part of Ferriby Manor (s.p.b.s). Soon the influential De la Pole brothers, William and Richard, were to be made lords of the manor of Kings Town upon the River Hull which accounts for alternative names for the later called Suffolk Palace (the largest complex of buildings in later medieval Hull – see study in section 3 of this website) as being King’s Manor or De la Pole Manor.

The question asked last time was did the 13th century (before the 1290s) have a grange building/s in the Myton area? The simple answer is don’t know. A grange was an area of land owned by a monastery but distant from the mother-house and land immediately around it. It seems likely that Meaux Cistercian abbey would have created some building/s as a place for the monks or lay-brothers to stay when tending to the flocks of sheep grazing on Myton pasture as well as a place for the sheep to be sheared.

Also asked was the question was there a chapel of ease in the Myton area. In large parishes, and the parish system whereby each household supported its one church was common across England by the late 13th century, a chapel of ease might be built for distant parishioners to attend. Myton was in the parish of Hessle, three to four miles east of All Saints church.

(to be continued).

 

16th February, 2020 Myton 4.

Today’s photo. taken at Thorngumbald Marsh, east of Paull, shows a small blackthorn bush with one of the Humber’s four ‘set-aside’ sites beyond. Blackthorn flowers in February before coming into leaf in Spring, an impressive mass of blackthorn bushes in flower may be seen at Horkstow Bridge, near the early 19th century single-span suspension bridge over the River Ancholme south of South Ferriby. Blackthorn would have been a native shrub across the River Hull floodplain before urbanisation.

Meaux Abbey’s purchase of lands in Myton berewick from Maud Camin extended the Abbey’s landholding portfolio on the fertile estuarine alluvial soils beside the Estuary. By the 14th century it and Thornton Augustinian Abbey in north Lindsey owned most of this linear belt each side of the Estuary. Sailing up the Humber in the 1300s on either bank would have been seen huge flocks of sheep grazing, the natural vegetation having been tamed down. Exporting wool, mostly to the Low Countries, was by then England’s main trade. The east-coast trading settlements were well situated to service this trade, the expanding settlement at ‘Wyk in Mitton’ being no exception. In fact in the 1290s this settlement was acquired by King Edward I, as was part of the Myton berewick, so henceforth the name King’s Town (Kingston) upon (beside) the River Hull (Hull) applied. It then follows that the modern single word name is faulty, Hull being the name of the River historically. Is Richmond on Thames called ‘Thames’, is Barton on Humber called ‘Humber’, is Stockton on Tees called ‘Tees’? Probably the most accurate name is that used in a medieval document ‘Wyk juxta Hull in Mitton’. Should we start a campaign, or find some other way to waste time?

It is likely, but not proven, that Mitton berewick would have had a grange and an early chapel of ease.

(to be continued).

 

13th February, 2020 Myton 3.

In the early Middle Ages Myton was a berewick, that being a unit of land within a manor of greater extent (this being my definition, various medieval words to describe units of land could vary in meaning and geographical area). The manor here was that of Ferriby (‘north’ came much later), incidentally the area of the very large manor of Ferriby roughly corresponded to the ‘Hullshire’ local authority area of later centuries. Myton berewick was recorded in the ‘Domesday Survey’ of 1086 and simply described as ‘waste’. Given that the land of Myton berewick was fertile alluvial clays the term waste may imply that it was neglected agriculturally or, more likely, that it had suffered from the ‘Harrying of the North’ in the late 1060s as had many landholdings on the north bank of the Humber Estuary.

Studies by Frost (Frost, C. Notices Relative to the Early History of the Town and Port of Hull (published by subscription, 1827) and Travis Cook (Travis Cook, J. Notes Relative to the Manor of Myton, 1890) speculated that the area of Myton berewick extended north-south from the Humber foreshore to Walton St/West Park and east-west from the west bank of the lower River Hull to Division Rd., Hessle Rd., a point later to become the municipal west boundary of Hull (see O.S. map 6 inch, First Series, 1856, sheet 240). The emerging trading settlement of Wyk (later Wyke) on the watery location immediately west of the confluence of the River Hull and The Humber Estuary was in Myton berewick.

Frost’s publication of 1827 included a facsimile of a sale of lands c. 1160, plus a translation from the latin text, this the earliest surviving document relating to Wyk. By its terms Matilda (or Maud) Camin sold land to the Abbot of the Cistercian abbey at Meaux, east of Beverley and near the east bank of the River Hull. She had inherited land from her late father, some in ‘Wyk of Mitune’ (Mitune being the spelling used in the Domesday Book).

(to be continued).

9th February, 2020 Myton 2.

The photo above shows one of the few remaining structures that served the vast freight-line network north of William Wright and St Andrew’s Docks. It was built as an engine shed for the North Eastern Railway Co. and, I am informed, still has the turntables inside on which the locomotives were turned 180 degrees ready to go out the next day. It is now a warehouse. I show this picture because it was/is in the Myton area of Hull.

That said I discover from the Hull City Council website that in 2018 the Myton electoral ward was done away with, its successor, with different boundaries, now called Central Ward. Thus was lost to the subdivisions of Hull a name central to the town’s history.

An extract from a late 19th century O.S. 6 inch map shows the area north of Anlaby Road west as far as the municipal boundary (now Walton St.), and including one of Hull’s two workhouses on the site now occupied by Hull Royal Infirmary, was then called ‘North Myton Ward’. To the south of Anlaby Rd. and across Hessle Rd. to the Humber foreshore was ‘South Myton Ward’, this including the Botanic Gardens at the bottom of Linnaus St. (named after the famous Swedish botanist). Such designations showed a good understanding of the significance of the term Myton.

So what was/is so significant about the term Myton?

(to be continued).

4th February, 2020 Myton.

At a meeting yesterday evening of the Friends of Pearson Park I was told that the some of the newly planted trees were planted in groups of three because some of the now mature trees had been planted in groups of three, as to any original reason still no clue.

The photo. above shows part of Kingston Retail Park, the picture taken (about five years ago) from a point in front of the Ice Arena, this just north of the entrance lock to Albert and William Wright Docks. Travis Cook, one of the cluster of late 19th century Hull historians about whom I have written before, speculated, mostly based on evidence from the Meaux Abbey Chronicles, that the manor of Myton in the early 14th century had a manor house and ‘store house’ (phrase used in the Meaux Abbey Chronicle) at a site out in the grazing land west of the being walled ‘Wyke near Mitton upon the Hulle’. My interpretation of Travis Cook’s map published on p. 182 of his book Notes Relative to the Manor of Myton (Hull, 1890 and reproduced in my article ‘Hull in the Beginning’ in section three of this website) is that the above location could well be on the site of this manor-house.

(to be continued).