Monthly Archives: May 2020

27th May, 2020 Newland 6, Point of view 12.

Some further extracts from the Oak Road information board – ‘In the 1800s the Hull Cowkeepers and Farmers Association was formed with an office situated on Clough Road. The Association was disbanded in the 1970s. An annual dinner dance was held every winter at Beverley Road Baths when the pools were boarded over. There was always plenty of food, but they always ran out of milk!’ Incidentally underneath is printed ‘Copyright Keith Wade 20/01/2012’, the late Keith Wade was Chairman of the Georgian Society of East Yorkshire, a very nice person. The board-floor dances at Beverley Road Baths were, in their day, a significant event in Hull’s social calendar. The Beverley Road Townscape Heritage Scheme members were trying to get photos/memorabilia of those occasions.

The information board also mentions that along the west side of Green Lane ran Skidby Drain, dug 1785, and a bit further west the Beverley – Barmston Drain, 1799-1801, the former now filled-in. Hull Corporation always demanded that drainage channels have an outflow into the River Hull so that on an ebb tide there was as much water as possible scouring the River bed, this an aid to shipping. The ribbon development of industry north along the River’s banks (see blogs on Sculcoates) relied on deep-water access.

The area of Newland north of Clough Road and east of Beverley High Road was once known as Hull Bank, this being bordered to the north by Dunswell sub-parish.

The information board has another section on the ‘Potteries’, the ‘natural resource’ of the area being clay. In the early 1800s the Patent Brick and Tile Works was established, followed by the Kingston Sanitary Pipe Works. Later that century the Kingston Stone Bottle Works was established as was the Newland Pottery making chimney pots and flower pots. In the 20th century a builder’s supply company used the site where the Mecca bingo building now stands.

Finally the board tells us about Archaeology, in particular a ‘dig’ conducted in 1997. Hull Bank Farm previously stood where the derelict Kingston Rowing Club buildings still are. The excavation revealed evidence of a Romano-British farm/hamlet on the site as well as some medieval pottery shards and ‘evidence of agriculture of that same period’.

Despite stating ‘finally’ in a recent blog I still need to say something about the ‘Avenues’ and University College in the context of the Newland area.

(to be continued)

Point of view 12 – The relaxation of ‘lockdown’ is a potentially dangerous time, as my poor old mother use to say, long ago now, ‘give people an inch and they take a mile’. We have to see if the government manages the phased relaxation well and also the ‘test and trace’ strategy. The U.S.A. has taken a huge ‘hit’, all affected countries, not only U.S.A., should take action to not let China ‘off the hook’.

26th May, 2020 Newland 5.

The best way to appreciate the old Green Lane (Oak Road), apart from the short section on Air St., is to walk along the western edge of Oak Rd. Playing Fields from the small car-park on Beverley High Rd. to the information board (s.p.b.) at the end of Beresford Avenue, and then on south beside the allotments to Clough Rd. The photo above (which should be portrait) shows a small section, this taken before the spring surge in growth over the past month. With a bit of imagination it is like a journey into the past.

The information board (s.p.b.) deals with various things relevant to the history of the area. An extract from an early trade directory shows that ‘cowkeepers’ were common to the area providing a daily milk supply to Hull (s.p.b.s on Sculcoates).

The notes accompanying the picture of Henry VIII refer to his travelling to Hull from Beverley during his Northern Progress of 1541 when at least some of his entourage would have travelled along Green Lane.

There is a reference too to the English Civil Wars of the 1640s (s.p.b.s).

There is a reference to the Second World War when ‘trenches were dug on the playing fields to prevent the landing of enemy small aircraft/gliders’. The Kingston Rowing Club building (beside the River Hull and now derelict) was bomb damaged with the nearby Croda site being a prime target’, ‘during the War the chemical works produced glycerine which was an important ingredient of high explosives’. Although the chemical works was occasionally hit production was able to continue.

(to be continued).

 

25th May, 2020 Newland 4, Point of View 11.

Finally in this Newland section a word about roads. In an immediate area without any canals it was the River Hull and local ‘king’s highways’ (a term much used in 18th century but not today) along which people, commerce and agricultural goods moved.

In 1744 the road from Hull to Beverley was ‘turnpiked’, this turnpike skirting Sculcoates parish and passing through Newland. One of the ‘bars’, at which point travellers, wagons or herds of farm animals had to pay a toll the income from which was used to improve the road’s surface, was sited in Newland at a point approximately where the Cottingham Road, Clough Road, Beverley Road four-cross-ways is now. A ‘bar’ would have been a movable barrier across the road with alongside a board displaying charges and usually a toll-keeper’s cottage nearby. The income went to the turnpike company (or ‘trust’) and the toll keepers were employed by the company. The Hull to Beverley Turnpike Trust was wound-up in 1871.

Beverley Road led south to Beverley Gate over the centuries that Hull’s 14th century town walls existed. However, a much less prominent (today) ‘highway’ ran roughly parallel to the east and terminated almost certainly at the North Gate through the town walls, until this section of the town walls was demolished with the excavating of the ‘New Dock’ in the 1770s. This was Green Lane, with some sections surviving as Oak Road. The photo. above shows the well researched double-sided information board at the entrance to Oak Road Playing Fields, at the east end of Beresford Avenue, north Hull.

Green Lane branched off the Hull to Beverley road at a point opposite the eastern end of Endike Lane and followed in a south-south-easterly direction forming (later) the eastern side of the second detached cemetery on Sculcoates Lane, along a short stretch of Air Street/Sculcoates Lane, today, between two right-angle bends, on past the Charterhouse site to North Gate.

(to be continued)

Point of view 10 – Having heard the defence of the Prime Minister’s chief advisor it seems to be a fine-line between whether he did right or wrong. What is as concerning is that the controversy brings into the focus, again, the very issue of ‘political advisers’. Are these people paid by the political party or from the public purse? We might all at times have benefitted from good advise, myself especially, but these would have been acts of friendship and/or kindness – unpaid.

Does a prime minister, alongside cabinet colleagues, not know, collectively, what to decide on the basis of political/rule of law principles? Some decisions may prove a mistake, but some advise from an advisor might prove a mistake.

Normally such people seem to be influential (and wealthy) but ‘in the shadows’ with no defined position in constitutional government. ‘Movers and shakers’ behind the picture we are shown.

21st Mat, 2020 Newland 3.

The photo above shows part of St. John’s, Newland churchyard (s.p.b.).

Newland figured in the English Civil Wars of the 1640s, in particular during the second siege of Hull by Royalist forces in 1643 (incidentally the name Newland already existed in the 17th century). These Cavaliers cut off the fresh water supply from Anlaby and Cottingham to the town of Hull, then under the control of Parliamentary forces. However, a later counter-attack by Roundheads resulted in the flood-banks of the River Hull and the Humber Estuary being breached and so deliberately flooding the land around the town, thus frustrating any attempt by Royalist forces to attack the town walls and gates. On 11th October Parliament soldiers moved out of Beverley Gate and managed to beat-back Royalist soldiers. Until the Restoration (1660), and sometimes later, 12th October was considered a public holiday in Hull.

Goodwill and Lawson’s ‘Plan of Hull’ printed in 1869 (for evidence from this plan in relation to Sculcoates s.p.b.s) goes up to land just above Pearson Park, land it names as St. John’s Wood. As this map was produced 30+ years after the building of St. John’s church (s.p.b.) I assume this is the source of the name. An old public house building on Queen St. is called the St. John’s. The ‘Wood’ extended north to Cottingham Road.

Bacon’s Plan of Hull, 1906, (s.p.b.s in relation to Sculcoates) shows that by the first decade of the 20th century St. John’s Wood was being transformed by a programme of bye-law house building along a grid-plan of streets. Between Beverley Road and Newland Avenue, previously Newland Tofts Lane, terraces of three or four bedroomed houses had been constructed along De Grey, Lambert and Grafton Streets and Alexandra Road, while on the west side of Newland Avenue streets were being laid-out in preparation for more modest terraces. South of the ‘high-level’ Barnsley and West Riding Junction Railway line the ‘Avenues’ had been laid-out on a basic grid-plan with some buildings already built (1906), including the Girls Industrial School, but not most of those seen today.

Thus the rural hamlet had been completely overtaken by residential development.

(to be continued).

20th May, 2020 Newland 2.

Yesterday’s blog included a photo of the Newland Community notice board on the corner of Clough Rd. and Beverley Rd. In need of t.l.c. but nevertheless an indication of the idea that once separate communities to the main town can, with some determination, retain some identity as, for example, do the spring-line settlements to the west and, probably the best example, as do the once detached communities in the greater London area. This retaining of identity hasn’t, in my opinion, been as successful in Hull although the City Council has tried. The current neighbourhood teams are good but their names don’t cross-reference with historic districts (or parishes) and, again in my opinion, this leads to confusion.

Today’s photo shows the west end of St. John’s church, Clough Road. One of the south wall windows from 1893 can be seen as can the baptistry, porch and north aisle (pitched roof) of the 1902 extensions (s.p.b.). The photo also shows part of the churchyard with its trees and shrubs which is a pleasure to see. If every opportunity was taken to ‘green-up’ every space then everyone would benefit.

The dedication of this church, St. John, is worth a comment. When meeting this dedication there are three options; (a) John the Evangelist, the writer (or maybe not) of the fourth, and ‘out-on-a-limb’, Gospel, (b) John the Baptist, an ‘itinerant Jewish preacher of the early 1st century’ and (c) John of Beverley, the 5th Anglian Archbishop of York who retired ‘in Deira wood’ and founded the first monastery on the site of the present Minster. The third is the least common but as well as the dedication for Beverley Minster it is also the dedication for the village church at Harpham on the Driffield to Bridlington road, said to have been John’s birthplace.

Dedications to John the Evangelist are relatively common (and I think this is the one for Newland), other churches in the region with the same dedication being, for example, Croxton, Brigg, Sewerby and Filey.

(to be continued).

19th May, 2020 Newland, Point of view 10.

The second pre-20th century suburban development is centred on the Newland area of north Hull, being still in the mid 19th century a straggling hamlet into which the ribbon development alongside Beverley Road was intruding by that time.

My study here is currently disadvantaged by two things; (a) with the Hull History Centre being closed with the Covid19 lockdown I do not have access to the Victoria County History, Vol. 1 which deals with Hull’s history and physical expansion, and (b) for the same reason I do not have access to early O.S. maps covering the area under study, indeed the earliest relevant ones may be at the Treasure House in Beverley rather than in Hull as Hull’s boundary was not expanded to include Newland until the 1880s.

The term ‘Newland’ is generally interpreted as meaning ‘newly reclaimed’ land, wetland, sitting near the centre of the lower River Hull floodplain, that has been drained to take arable as well as pastoral farming. Generally the prefix ‘New’ referred to one point in time, now long past e.g. Newport, Lincoln, initially Norman ribbon development.

In terms of agricultural produce, like Sculcoates somewhat earlier, the area’s proximity to Hull’s urban area south along Beverley Road would have provided a ready market for produce, particularly market garden produce.

Until the 1880s Newland was in the parish of St. Mary’s church, Cottingham although the current St. John’s church, Newland had been built back in 1833 as a chapel of ease to St. Mary’s. Originally this church building, built of expensive ‘white bricks’, had lancet windows all-round but in 1893 a ‘cream brick’ chancel was added and the south wall windows enlarged to Perpendicular style (see next blog). In 1902 the nave was extended one bay west and a baptistry, porch and north aisle added, this, of course, reflecting the suburban transformation of the area. Inside the 18th century font had come from St. Mary, Lowgate, further evidence that fonts are commonly now not in their original location.

(to be continued).

Point of view 10 – The government wisely a few weeks ago forbade any local authority in England to close any municipal parks during the current lockdown, this really reinforcing the vital part played by parks in the life of towns and cities and the vitally important part played by Heritage Lottery Funding over the past 20 or so years in funding municipal park restoration.