Monthly Archives: February 2020

29th February, 2020 Myton 9.

Today’s picture has nothing to do with Myton but given that I, and I imagine at least some others, am clinging to the hope of some more settled spring weather its comforting to see a mid summer grass verge which includes some tall (yellow) agrimony.

The text of the Act for ‘Dividing and Inclosing a certain Common Pasture called Myton Carr’ (s.p.b.) includes this early paragraph ‘And whereas the Mayor and Burgesses of the Town of Kingston upon Hull, are Lords of the Manor of Myton, and in right thereof are feifed of or intitled to the Soil of the said Common Pasture called Myton Carr’. Clearly then since the reign of Edward VI the ruling elite of Hull had exercised their authority.

So what was the land of Myton like in this early modern era? With it being on the flood-plain of the lower River Hull and that of the Humber Estuary it was level lowland inevitably somewhat protected from daily inundation by linear clay banks but equally inevitably often flooded by high spring tides and/or German Ocean coastal surges being squeezed up the Estuary. It is also interesting that the Act relates only to ‘Myton Carr’. The summary (s.p.b.) also includes the extent of the Carr as 170 acres, as the area of Myton manor must have covered a much greater area than that it must be assumed that the remainder of the farmland of the manor had by 1771 been enclosed by piecemeal private agreement previously.

So where was the land of Myton Carr compared to today’s map? A simple hand-drawn map accompanies the text of the Act. If we assume that the road passing across the map is Anlaby Road (rather than Hessle Road) then most of the Carr-land was to its north with a lesser proportion south. No detail is given to locate the allocated fields but an anonymous commentator has estimated the western edge to be now Walton Street with the eastern side then probably up to the remaining (then) medieval town walls.

(to be continued)

26th February, 2020 Myton 8.

The left-hand side of Buck’s ‘The South-East Prospect of Kingston Upon Hull’, 1745 (see above) shows a small section of Myton manor immediately beyond Hull’s west-side 14th century town walls. Here shown is a three-cottage terrace of one-and-a-half storeys with three chimney stacks and, alongside, a four-sail post-mill. Jeffries map of Hull, 1767, the earliest 18th century map of Hull, shows the town wall on the west side to be then still intact with Hessle gate, Myton gate and, at the top, Beverley gate.

So what was the manor of Myton like from 1552 when it was donated by royal order to the burgesses of Kingston upon Hull (s.p.b.) and the late 18th century? Presumably manorial courts were held regularly to oversee the activities of those who held/worked land within the manor. Did the burgesses have a manor-house for Myton or, with it being so near the town, was another building so used?

The development of any town creates a market for any foodstuff grown/reared in the surrounding area. So were there open fields and/or market gardens, was there common pastureland within the manor (the post-mill shown on Buck’s picture must have been for grinding corn and was probably one of a number)? The answer to the last part of that question is ‘yes’ as between 1771 and 1773 ‘Myton Carr’ was enclosed by Parliamentary Enclosure and the relevant documents survive. The Preamble to the Act of Parliament of 1771 states ‘Whereas within the Lordship of Myton, in the Parish of Holy Trinity, in the town and County (s.p.b.s) of the Town of Kingston upon Hull, there is a certain Common Pasture called Myton Carr, containing One hundred and Seventy Acres or thereabouts, in which several Persons are intitled to, and enjoy a determinate Number of Cattle Gates or Beast Gates, or Pasture for a certain Number of Sheep, Horses and other Cattle’. The word ‘gates’ here meaning an entitlement to pasture, ten ‘gates’ being a larger entitlement (because you owned more farm animals) than on ‘gate’.

(to be continued)

23rd February, 2020 Myton 7.

This third picture of blackthorn bushes shows wild strawberry in flower at ground level below the bush. Given that wild strawberry like a calcareous soil it would have been unlikely that any would have grown across historic Myton, plus the grazing sheep would have soon nibbled off the flower-heads. Wild strawberries always remind me of annual school trips back in the ’70s and ’80s to Gordale Scar, Malham Tarn and Malham Cove in the Yorkshire Dales and organised by the late Dave Blamires. In early July the plants were in fruit on the Carboniferous Limestone.

In the 1290s when King Edward I acquired Wyk and the berewick of Myton we get the first use of the term ‘Manor’ (instead of berewick) of Myton. His son Edward II had a manor-house built, probably on the site of the previous monastic grange and at a site now where Kingston Retail Park stands (or this is my interpretation of Travis Cook’s supposition – s.p.b.s). An inquisition of 1312, studied by Travis Cook, recorded that the roofs, walls of the hall, chamber, kitchen and outlying buildings of Myton manor house were all ‘in decay’, also the bridge over the moat needed repairing.

When theĀ  brothers Richard and William De la Pole acquired the manor of Myton from King Edward III they had a new manor-house built at ‘Tupcotes’. In 1552 King Edward VI granted the royal manor of ‘Tupcotts with Myton’ to the mayor and burgesses of Kingstown upon the River Hull. Tupcoats was a name, now lost, defining a grazing area for male sheep, ‘pasture for the tups’.

(to be continued)

19th February, 2020 Myton 6.

On 12th January, 2012 I took some photos of wild plants that have the potential to flower throughout the 12 months of the year. Although struggling to cope with a hard morning frost the daisies above would have opened their petals given the rays of low-angled sunlight that were soon to follow.

For the issue as to whether or not the berewick of Myton had a chapel of ease allied to All Saints church, Hessle evidence is slim. The Meaux Abbey Chronicle (s.p.b.s) records the destruction of a chapel of Myton in 1204 (let’s remember that Abbot Burton was composing his Chronicle in the early 1400s) – its precise location is not given but as the emerging trading settlement of Wyk was still in Myton it could have been a predecessor to Holy Trinity and on the same site (in-church archaeology would be a fascinating exercise in many churches – St Peter’s, Barton on Humber remains the most thoroughly excavated church site in Britain, the findings having been written-up by Professor Warwick Rodwell, the two volumes being published a few years ago).

Dr. John Bilson writing in 1928 Wyke upon Hull in 1293 (I take this fact from a leaflet on Holy Trinity Church, I have never seen this publication) claimed that the present church was the third on the site, the building programme of the present church having been started in the 1310s and the consecration of the completed building taking place on 10/3/1425. It was only early in the reign of Charles II that Holy Trinity was afforded the status of independent parish church and from the late 18th century as Hull’s physical expansion burst beyond the remains of the medieval town walls the parish of Holy Trinity got bigger while that of Hessle got smaller.

As with most church rebuilds or replacements the building programme started at the east end and ended at the west end, or in this case with the construction of the crossing tower. Some of the bricks of the chancel and transepts are thus some of the earliest surviving examples of brick construction, unfortunately most of the bricks seen today are later examples dating from repair work.

(to be continued).

17th February, 2020 Myton 5.

The above photo. shows a mature blackthorn bush in flower in late February, it is situated alongside Middlegate an ancient (pre-Roman) routeway that linked the Wash with the Humber. This particular point may be found two-thirds of the way up the scarp slope of the Lincolnshire Wolds about halfway between the villages of South Ferriby and Horkstow (North Lincs.). It is sort of relevant, s.p.b.

When Edward I in the 1290s acquired the trading settlement now called Hull he declared it to now be a manor in its own right and thus no longer in Myton berewick. He also declared that Myton was to be a manor in its own right and thus no longer part of Ferriby Manor (s.p.b.s). Soon the influential De la Pole brothers, William and Richard, were to be made lords of the manor of Kings Town upon the River Hull which accounts for alternative names for the later called Suffolk Palace (the largest complex of buildings in later medieval Hull – see study in section 3 of this website) as being King’s Manor or De la Pole Manor.

The question asked last time was did the 13th century (before the 1290s) have a grange building/s in the Myton area? The simple answer is don’t know. A grange was an area of land owned by a monastery but distant from the mother-house and land immediately around it. It seems likely that Meaux Cistercian abbey would have created some building/s as a place for the monks or lay-brothers to stay when tending to the flocks of sheep grazing on Myton pasture as well as a place for the sheep to be sheared.

Also asked was the question was there a chapel of ease in the Myton area. In large parishes, and the parish system whereby each household supported its one church was common across England by the late 13th century, a chapel of ease might be built for distant parishioners to attend. Myton was in the parish of Hessle, three to four miles east of All Saints church.

(to be continued).

 

16th February, 2020 Myton 4.

Today’s photo. taken at Thorngumbald Marsh, east of Paull, shows a small blackthorn bush with one of the Humber’s four ‘set-aside’ sites beyond. Blackthorn flowers in February before coming into leaf in Spring, an impressive mass of blackthorn bushes in flower may be seen at Horkstow Bridge, near the early 19th century single-span suspension bridge over the River Ancholme south of South Ferriby. Blackthorn would have been a native shrub across the River Hull floodplain before urbanisation.

Meaux Abbey’s purchase of lands in Myton berewick from Maud Camin extended the Abbey’s landholding portfolio on the fertile estuarine alluvial soils beside the Estuary. By the 14th century it and Thornton Augustinian Abbey in north Lindsey owned most of this linear belt each side of the Estuary. Sailing up the Humber in the 1300s on either bank would have been seen huge flocks of sheep grazing, the natural vegetation having been tamed down. Exporting wool, mostly to the Low Countries, was by then England’s main trade. The east-coast trading settlements were well situated to service this trade, the expanding settlement at ‘Wyk in Mitton’ being no exception. In fact in the 1290s this settlement was acquired by King Edward I, as was part of the Myton berewick, so henceforth the name King’s Town (Kingston) upon (beside) the River Hull (Hull) applied. It then follows that the modern single word name is faulty, Hull being the name of the River historically. Is Richmond on Thames called ‘Thames’, is Barton on Humber called ‘Humber’, is Stockton on Tees called ‘Tees’? Probably the most accurate name is that used in a medieval document ‘Wyk juxta Hull in Mitton’. Should we start a campaign, or find some other way to waste time?

It is likely, but not proven, that Mitton berewick would have had a grange and an early chapel of ease.

(to be continued).